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Lower Rhine
From Roman times to the present day

The Harbour Temple in Xanten's archaeological park

Experience art and culture at one of the region's many museums, or at the German Opera on the Rhine and at open-air theatres. The Romans certainly left their mark on Xanten. The Archaeological Park provides an interesting insight into the building plans of Colonia Ulpia Traiana, a Roman town near Xanten that was destroyed and then partly rebuilt, and which was the second largest city in the former province of the Lower Rhine after Cologne. The medieval town of Xanten was built on a burial ground. Under the present cathedral lies the martyr's grave of St. Victor.

On the Lower Rhine, you'll find a number of architectural treasures covering every period from Romanesque to baroque. The region's rich heritage is also reflected in a considerable number of castles and moated palaces, more than most guides could possibly mention, as well as the towers, arches and fortified walls in many towns.

?Rhine in Flames? firework spectacular

The Meuse-Schwalm-Nette and Kottenforst-Ville nature reserves are ideal destinations for any nature lover. There are numerous signposted footpaths and cycle routes leading to all the main attractions, as well as designated areas for inline skaters. Another real treat are the flower auctions in Straelen, which are based on the ones used in Dutch flower markets.

Popular sporting events in the region include football and ice hockey. Visit this wonderful region to experience the renowned hospitality of the Rhenish people and enjoy a tempting range of Rhenish specialities.

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Highlights in brief

  • Cologne
    Cathedral, carnival city, ice hockey

  • Neuss
    Children's farm and roman camp, Cathedral of St Quirinus, indoor ski complex
  • Cleves
    Schwanenburg Castle, Moyland Castle, home of the artist Joseph Beuys
  • Kalkar
    Carved altars, Kernwasserwunderland amusement park, brick-built houses
  • Xanten
    Cathedral, archaeological park
  • St. Goarshausen
    Loreley rock, Burg Katz and Burg Maus (cat and mouse castle) with eagle and falcon centre, open-air stage
  • Rüdesheim
    Wine-making town, Niederwald country park, Germania statue, Drosselgasse lane, museums
  • Königswinter
    Siebengebirge hills, Drachenfels castle ruins, Petersberg hill
  • Lorch
    UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Bingen
    Wine-making town, Mouse Tower, home of Hildegard von Bingen, Klopp Castle