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Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier

Trier, the oldest town in Germany, was founded by Emperor Augustus in 16 BC as Augusta Treverorum. It is dominated by its Roman heritage, though the Middle Ages and the modern age have also left their mark. The Cathedral of St. Peter, an important example of religious architecture in the western world, is the oldest episcopal church in Germany. The neighbouring Church of Our Lady is one of Germany's oldest Gothic churches. Trier's main attractions include both the Barbarathermen thermal baths and the 4th century imperial baths, the latest of the town's three Roman bath complexes. Situated around 100m from the imperial baths is the amphitheatre, which was built in 100 AD, and Constantine's basilica, a traditional Roman throne room. Trier is best-known for the Porta Nigra, a huge, fortified town gate dating from 180 AD built in ashlar masonry. Romerbrücke bridge, which spans the Moselle, is the oldest Roman bridge north of the Alps. Because of its size and stability, it is even able to handle modern traffic without any problems.